AFWA Statement on Garment Worker’s Demands in the face of COVID -19 Crisis
AFWA released a statement on Garment Workers’ Demands in the face of COVID-19 Crisis. The statement looks into the responses of Global Supply Chain Production Countries to COVID-19 Crisis and also provides a charter of demands from garment workers, to the government, brands, and suppliers. The demands focus on immediate measures that should be taken to ensure the occupational health and safety of workers and as well as policies that should be implemented to support workers’ employment and incomes.
AFWA Public Statement on Deaths of Garment Workers in Nandan Denim Factory
AFWA released a statement on the death of garment workers due to a fire at the Nandan Garment Factory, at Gujarat, India. Nandan Denim supplies jeans, denim and other garments to more than 20 global brands including U.S. companies such as Target, Ann Taylor, Mango and Wrangler.
Asia Floor Wage Alliance supports the local trade unions and labour rights organizations’ holding global brands responsible for the egregious violations and the deaths of the workers.We demand that brands compensate for the death, injury and loss of employment resulting from this fire on the basis of international standards on living wage and on workers’ pain and suffering.
AFWA Step by Step approach to Prevent GBV-May-2019
The AFWA Safe Circle Approaches Brief introduces our approach to addressing GBV on garment production lines. Designed to complement existing trainings, the AFWA Safe Circle Approach involves potential “victims,” “bystanders,” and “perpetrators” in face-to-face, regular, small group engagement processes designed to address behavioral violence on the production line.
In September 2019, brands who are members of the ACT living wage initiative adopted a joint due diligence framework to ensure their purchasing practices facilitate the payment of a living wage, as set out in the ACT Memorandum of Understanding.
The AFWA Position on ACT offers AFWA’s assessment of the limitations of this initiative in truly delivering on its aim of achieving living wages.
Asia Floor Wage Alliance met on October 11-12, 2018 in Cambodia to kick off the second phase of its work — after completion of the first phase of ten years. This declaration focuses on the main outcomes of this meeting. It discusses the challenges facing Asian Garment Unions, Gender-Based Violence in Industrial Relations in Global Supply Chains and AFWA’s Structure for Phase II.
Violence Against Women and Men in the World of Work: Executive Summary of New Research on Asian Garment Supply Chains and Recommendations for an ILO Convention, May 2018
This report contains the executive summary on our research on gender-based violence in GAP, H&M, and Walmart garment supplier factories in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka between February and May 2018. It also provides recommendations to address workplace violence and harassment.
Gender Based Violence in the GAP Garment Supply Chain: A Report to the ILO 2018
This report—including interviews with more than 215 workers employed in 21 factories that supply to GAP—documents the experiences of women garment workers at the base of Gap garment supply chains in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka.
This report shed light on the the intensive labour exploitation and abuse faced by workers in H&M supply chains, in particular in Cambodia and India. This report is based upon 251 structured interviews conducted between August and October 2015 with garment workers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and the Delhi, National Capital Region (NCR), India.
This report sheds light on the persistent rights violations faced by precarious GAP supply chain workers in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India and Indonesia. This report is based upon 150 structured interviews conducted between August and October 2015 with garment workers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia; Bogor, Indonesia; and the Delhi, Naional Capital Region (NCR), India.
This report details the violations of international labour standards in Walmart garment supplier factories in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India and Indonesia. Information was collected through interviews and focus group discussions including 344 workers engaged in Walmart supply chains in Bangladesh, Cambodia and India; and an in-depth case study, spanning 8 months, of working conditions in an Indonesian Walmart supplier employing 3,800 Indonesian contract workers.
Towards an Asia Floor Wage: A Global South Initiative for Garment Workers
This publication is the result of a collaborative effort between the Asia Floor Wage Alliance and the South Solidarity Initiative-ActionAid India towards exploring processes for making living wage a reality in the global supply chain.
New Findings on Conditions Across Walmart’s Garment Supplier Factories in Cambodia, India and Indonesia
Walmart is not just a retailer; it is the largest private employer in the world and dominates the global supply chains of nearly every consumer product. Such a large and complex supply infrastructure also means that Walmart is able to conceal the exploitation of the workers who create those thousands of products. This study has documented several heinous abuses by Walmart garment-supplier factories at the same time that the giant buyer expresses nothing but stony silence. Labour-rights activists and trade union leaders in Asia corroborate the fact that Walmart is notorious for being the most difficult large brand to communicate with.
In Asia alone, over 15 million people are employed in the garment industry and millions more are reliant on the industry for their wellbeing. AFWA and Clean Clothes Campaign collaborate on this report to look at the low wages being paid across six of the major garment producing countries in Asia – Cambodia, China, Bangladesh, India, Malaysia and Sri Lanka. It also looks at the responsibilities of both state and global apparel brands and their suppliers in addressing poverty wages and the steps that must be taken immediately if the garment industry is to provide a decent life for those working within it.
This study on the Indian ready-made garment industry brings to light the prevailing dynamics with regard to wage and working conditions in this sector. On the basis of a field study conducted in the garment clusters of Gurgaon, Bangalore, and Tirupur, this study highlights the wage theft and forced labour practices pursued by businesses in this sector.
Asia Floor Wage and Global Industrial Collective Bargaining
This essay, published in International Journal of Labour Research, and co-authored by Anannya Bhattacharjee and Ashim Roy, explains the development of Asia Floor Wage as a cross-border living wage benchmark for garment workers in Asia and its significance for global brand bargaining.
Route Map to an Asia Floor Wage: 10 steps Brands and Retailers can take towards Implementing a Minimum Living Wage
AFWA and Clean Clothes Campaign collaborate on this publication to spell out ten steps global brands can take towards implementing a minimum living wage for garment workers in Asia, who produce most of their clothing.
Guiding Principles for Asia Floor Wage Pilot Projects
The Asia Floor Wage Alliance is open to conducting pilot projects in supplier factories, with buyers and multi-stakeholder initiatives, on living wage in order to practically test the implementation of the Asia Floor Wage. This document states the guiding principles for conducting AFW Pilot Projects.
The garment industry has historically been, and continues to be, one of the most female-dominated industries in the world. It has the potential to lift millions of women and men out of poverty worldwide, and can advance gender equality. This publication states that this can only happen if the industry ensures decent quality jobs where a minimum living wage is provided.
This is the first discussion note prepared by the India Committee (New Trade Union Initiative, Cividep, Fedina, Jobs with Justice-India, SAVE, Center for Education and Communication, Stree Jagrution) on Asia Floor Wage. It incorporates comments received from consultations among groups in India and with groups from different parts of Asia with regard to an Asian Floor Level Wage Campaign in Garment Export Sector.
Syrian Workers in Turkey’s Garment Industry – Looking Back, Moving Forward
Report by Clean Clothes Campaign, Turkey (November 2019)
The study provides an in-depth look at the problems facing Syrian refugees in the informal Turkish garment industry. It focuses on how refugee workers experience and navigate their precarious situations and sheds light on both the individual as well as the structural factors that enable and constrain refugee workers in their struggle for a decent life in Turkey.
Report by Clean Clothes Campaign, Turkey (July 2019)
This study looks into the harmful effects of potassium permanganate commonly used to bleach denim and give it a worn look. The report is meant to instigate further research by medical professionals, legislation that will regulate denim bleaching workers’ working conditions and improved monitoring of the garment industry.
Doing Dutch: a research into the state of pay for workers in garment factories in India working for Dutch fashion brands
Report by Clean Clothes Campaign, Neatherlands (September 2016)
This report is a study of the working conditions, living conditions and gender discrimination in ten garment factories in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, South India. The ten factories under this research supply to various Dutch brands including C&A, Coolcat, G-Star, The Sting (Mills Brothers, Hallinger), MEXX Europe, McGregor Fashions, Scotch & Soda, Suitsupply and WE Fashion
When “best” is far from good enough: Violations of workers’ rights at four of H&M ‘best-in-class’ suppliers in Cambodia
Report by Center for Alliance of Labour and Human Rights (CENTRAL) and Future In Our Hands (September 2016)
The report looks into the working conditions in some of H&M’s Platinum and Gold Suppliers in Cambodia. Several types of labor violations were identified in each of the factories and it was noticed that general working conditions at the platinum suppliers were actually worse than the gold rated suppliers.
Report by International Labour Rights Forum (December 2015)
This 100-page report published by the International Labor Rights Forum in December 2015 and based on in-depth interviews with more than 70 garment workers, shows that workers will not be safe without a voice at work. Interviews with Bangladeshi garment workers make clear that a climate of fear and intimidation prevails in the country’s industry, two and a half years after the Rana Plaza building collapse and the launch of the first industrial reform program to address the fire and structural hazards in Bangladeshi garment factories.
Will women workers benefit from living wages? A gender-sensitive approach to living wage bench marking in global garment and footwear supply chains
Released by Clean Clothes Campaign and Public Eye (December, 2019)
The global garment and footwear industry relies heavily on the work of women, who represent up to 80% of its global workforce. The current living wage debate presents both opportunities and risks for the millions of women workers in this industry. This paper argues that it is imperative to adopt a gender-sensitive approach in the living wage discourse, and to look at the implications that such an approach has on the methodology of calculating a living wage and on the measures to implement it.
The Asia Floor Wage Alliance is an Asian labour-led global labour and social alliance across garment producing countries and consumer regions for addressing poverty level wages, gender discrimination, and freedom of association in global garment production networks.