Garment workers in Asia make most of the clothing sold by the European and American fashion brands of the world. Although garments are a high-revenue industry that brands profit by, workers themselves are paid poverty-level wages. The Asia Floor Wage Alliance demands a living wage for garment workers whose labour clothes billions of people across the globe.

All garment workers in Asia need a wage increase to be able to provide for themselves and their families’ basic needs – including housing, food, education and healthcare. However often when workers struggle to improve their wage and conditions in one country, global brands relocate to another country where wages and conditions are lower.

To counter this divide and conquer strategy of global brands, AFWA built regional unity for a cross-border Asia-level living wage for garment workers in Asia – the first of its kind. AFWA living wage formulation is woman-centred and includes unpaid household and care work. Today, Asia Floor Wage is internationally recognised as a credible and legitimate living wage benchmark for garment workers in Asia.

AFWA demands that global brands pay – across Asia — the difference or the “gap” between national minimum wage of each country and the Asia Floor Wage so that workers manufacturing their clothing will get a living wage.

Click on the arrows to view the year-wise figures and move between years.

2009 2009
2012 2012
2013 2013
2015 2015
2017 2017
2020 2020

2009

Asia Floor Wage 2009 = 475 PPP$

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor 2025 Local Currency for 475 PPP$
Bangladesh 22.64 10754 Takas
China 3.45 1639 Yuan
India 14.67 6968 Rupees
Indonesia 3934.26 1868773.5 Rupiah
Sri Lanka 35.17 16706 Rupees

 

2012

Asia Floor Wage 2012 = 540 PPP$

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor, Private Consumption 2011 Local Currency for 475 PPP$
Bangladesh 35.43 19132.2 Takas
Cambodia 2182,99 1178814.6 Riel
China 4.32 2332.8 RMB
India 22.4 12096 INR
Indonesia 5583.76 3015230.4Rupiah
Malaysia 2.16 1166.4 Ringgit
Nepal 39.11 21119.4 NPR
Pakistan 36.38 19645.2 PKR
Philippines 27.92 15076.8 PHP
Sri Lanka 69.68 34387.2 SLR
Thailand 18.19 9822.6 Baht
Vietnam 10178.57 5496427.8 VND

 

2013

Asia Floor Wage 2013 = 725 PPP$

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor, Private Consumption 2011 Local Currency for 725 PPP$
Bangladesh 35.43 25687 Takas
Cambodia 2182.99 1582668 Riel
China 4.32 3132 RMB
India 22.4 16240 INR
Indonesia 5583.76 4048226 Rupiah
Malaysia 2.16 1566 Ringgit
Nepal 39.11 28355 NPR
Pakistan 36.38 26376 PKR
Philippines 27.92 20242 PHP
Sri Lanka 69.68 46168 SLR
Thailand 18.19 13188 Baht
Vietnam 10178.57 7379463 VND

2015

Asia Floor Wage 2015 = 1021 PPP$

For Asian countries where Food Basket Research was done

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor, Private Consumption Local Currency for 1021 PPP$
Cambodia 1597.26 1630045 Riel
India 18.35 18727 INR
Indonesia 4590.35 4684570 Rupiah
Sri Lanka 47.63 48608 SLR

For Asian countries where Food Basket Research was not done

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor, Private Consumption 2014 Local Currency for 1021 PPP$
Bangladesh 28.85 29442 Takas
China 3.77 3847 Yuan
Malaysia 1.61 1643 Ringgit
Nepal 31.66 32310 NPR
Pakistan 30.57 31197 PKR
Philippines 19.84 20247 PHP
Thailand 13.09 13359 Baht
Vietnam 8769.16 8949153 VND

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2017

Asia Floor Wage 2017 = 1187 PPP$

For Asian countries where Food Basket Research was done

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor, Private Consumption 2016 Local Currency for 1187 PPP$
Bangladesh 3.85 37661 Takas
Cambodia 1.66 1939606 Riel
India 32.08 23588 Rupees
Indonesia 4985.7 5886112 Rupiah

For Asian countries where Food Basket Research was not done

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor, Private Consumption 2016 Local Currency for 1187 PPP$
China 3.85 4547 RMB
Malaysia 1.66 1960 Ringgit
Pakistan 32.08 37886 PKR
Philippines 20.20 23856 PHP
Sri Lanka 49.19 58093 SLR
Thailand 12.82 15140 Baht

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2020

Asia Floor Wage 2020 = 1420 PPP$ per month

For Asian countries where Food Basket Research was done

Country Name PPP Conversion Factory 2018 Local Currency for 1420 PPP$
Cambodia 1655.54 (2017) 2,350,867 Riel (588 USD)
India 20.56 29,323 Indian Rupees
Indonesia 5104.99 7,249,086 Rupiah
Pakistan 33.54 47,627 Pakistan Rupees
Sri Lanka 53.24 75,601 Sri Lanka Rupees

For Asian countries where Food Basket Research was not done

Country Name PPP Conversion Factor 2018 Local Currency for 1420 PPP$
Bangladesh 34 48,280 Takas
China 3.81 5,410 RMB
Myanmar 363.60 5,16,312 Kyat
Vietnam 9284.40 13,183,848 Dong
Thailand 12.47 17,707 Baht
Philippines 20.42 28,996 Pesos

Asia Floor Wage Alliance, in collaboration with the Italy-based Permanent People’s Tribunal, organised a series of National People’s Tribunals on Living Wage for garment workers in the Asian garment industry between 2011 and 2014. These Tribunals were held to expose to the world the testimonies of garment workers most of whom are women, the analysis of experts from various perspectives in the field, and the positions of global brands regarding payment of living wage. The juries of the Tribunals consisted of eminent experts around the globe, including jury members of the Permanent People’s Tribunal.

To know more about National People’s Tribunals, click here.

Sri Lanka

The first National People’s Tribunal, the Tribunal on Minimum Living Wage and Decent Working Conditions as Fundamental Human Rights, was organised in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 27-30 March 2011.

Click Here to read Sri Lanka Tribunal PetitionClick Here to read Sri Lanka Tribunal Verdict

Cambodia

The first National People’s Tribunal, the Tribunal on Minimum Living Wage and Decent Working Conditions as Fundamental Human Rights, was organised in Colombo, Sri Lanka on 27-30 March 2011.

Click Here to read Cambodia Tribunal Verdict

India

The third National People’s Tribunal, National People’s Tribunal on Living Wage as a Fundamental Right of Indian Garment Workers was held in Bangalore on 22-25 November 2012, and was itself the culmination of a local hearings process from two of the regions where most production takes place, the National Capital Region (NCR) around Delhi and Bangalore, in the State of Karnataka.

Click Here to read India Tribunal PetitionClick Here to read India Tribunal Verdict

Indonesia

The fourth National People’s Tribunal, the Indonesian People’s Tribunal on Living Wage and Decent Working Conditions for Garment Workers as Fundamental Rights was held in Jakarta, Indonesia on 21-24 June 2014.

Click Here to read Indonesia Tribunal Verdict

Concluding Tribunal

The Session of the Permanent People’s Tribunals as a Conclusion of National Peoples’ Tribunals in Asia on Living Wage as a Fundamental Human Right & the Role of International Institutions” was held Colombo, Sri Lanka, on 17-20 December 2015.

Click Here to read AFWA Submission to the Concluding TribunalClick Here to read AFWA Concluding Tribunal Verdict

Dialogue with Global Unions

Asia Floor Wage Alliance’s First Dialogue with the Global Union Federations was held in Hong Kong, on November 17, 2014. There was mutual sharing on the results from the four National People’s Tribunals with eminent jury members, organised by Asia Floor Wage Alliance; and the work of the Global Union Federations in the area of wages and global supply chain.

Coming out of the day, we crafted a collective statement that can be Read Here.

Global Union Federations were represented by

  • Sharan Burrow, General Secretary, ITUC (International Trade Union Congress)
  • Jenny Holdcroft, Policy Director, IndustriALL
  • Stuart Howard, Assistant General Secretary, ITF (International Transportworkers Federation)
  • Ben Vanpeperstraete, Global Supply Chain Coordinator, Union Network International (UNI) and IndustriALL
  • Rita Tambunan, Program Director-Asia Pacific Region, IUF (International Union of Foodworkers)
  • Coen Kompier, Senior Specialist on International Labour Standards, International Labour Organisation (ILO)