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Unbearable Harassment: The Fashion Industry and Widespread Abuse of Female Garment Workers in Indian Factories

Garment worker abuse in India’s factories intensified due to fashion brands’ response to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new report from the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre, Asia Floor Wage Alliance and Society for Labour and Development. The report cites testimonies from90 women in 31 factories across three major garment-producing hubs in India: Delhi NCR, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu.

Click here to read in: English

Voices from the Field: Reprisals and Repression of Garment Worker Unions and Workers Organizations During COVID-19 in Sri Lanka

The report, written by AFWA with GLJ-AFWA, details human rights violations against garment workers by Sri Lanka's largest garment manufacturer Brandix Lanka and the government, at the outset of the country's second wave of COVID-19 in October 2020. It highlights how the two parties created a COVID crisis, and then brutally repressed those who spoke up about it.

Click here to read in: English

A Stitch in Time Saved None: How Fashion Brands Fueled Violence Beyond the Factory

AFWA's report documents gender-based violence in fast fashion supply chains. The report, based on interviews with 400+ women workers across 6 Asian countries, explores how the business models of global fashion brands exacerbated garment workers' vulnerability to violence both inside the factories and in their homes, families and communities.

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Money Heist: COVID-19 Wage Theft in Global Garment Supply Chains

This report is the outcome of interviews with 2000+ garment workers from 189 factories across 6 countries to find out how 15 global fashion brands pushed thousands of workers below the poverty line in Asia, perpetrating large-scale wage theft against them.

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Joint Employer Liability Legal Strategy | Legal Brief

AFWA conceptualized a legal brief titled "Joint Employer Liability Legal Strategy: Holding Global Apparel Brands Legally Liable for Labour Rights Violations in their Supply Chains in Asia," to discuss legal actions that garment workers’ unions in Asian production countries could take to hold global apparel brands liable as Joint Employers for payment of workers’ wages and benefits during COVID-19.

Click here to read in: English

Garment Workers Under Threat from Labour Deregulation in Asia

Last year, as we witnessed governments across Asia hurriedly passing legislation eroding workers’ and trade unions’ rights, AFWA worked with partner unions to understand and analyse the fast-moving changes. As a result of that collaboration, AFWA is now releasing its report- ‘Garment Workers under Threat from Labour Deregulation in Asia – A Review of recent Labour and Employment Law changes in Cambodia, India, Indonesia and Sri Lanka’. The report is a comparative analysis of labour law changes across Asia and highlights the commonalities across these nations.

Click here to read in: English

The Emperor Has No Clothes: Garment Supply Chains in the Time of Pandemic (Issue III)

The third issue of “Emperor Has No Clothes” highlights the challenges that suppliers, in particular, Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs) face due to the Covid-19 lockdown measures and reduced business activities, and how these challenges translate into increased risk and burden of liability for garment workers. This issue brings together discussions on the impact of, and response to, COVID-19 by suppliers and garment unions.

Click here to read in: English | Sinhala

The Emperor Has No Clothes: Garment Supply Chains in the Time of Pandemic (Issue II)

The second issue of the “Emperor Has No Clothes” lays special emphasis on the issues around wage payment, support mechanisms and layoffs of garment workers, specifically in Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Myanmar and Sri Lanka. Most importantly, the report presents a typology of discriminatory practices in the labour market that account for the immediate impact of the pandemic on garment workers in terms of access to employment.

Click here to read in: English | Sinhala

The Emperor Has No Clothes: Garment Supply Chains in the Time of Pandemic (Issue I)

The first issue of the series ‘The Emperor Has No Clothes: Garment Supply Chain in the Time of Pandemic’ looks at how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected garment workers in four major textile and apparel production countries: Cambodia, India, Indonesia and Sri Lanka. The report lays special emphasis on the impact of the pandemic and institutional responses in four dimensions, viz. wage disbursal, social security, migration, and healthcare.

Click here to read in: English | Sinhala | Bahasa

Safe Circle Approach: AFWA’s Step-by-Step Approach to Prevent Gender-Based Violence

The Asia Floor Wage Alliance (AFWA) Safe Circle Approach introduces our approach to addressing gender-based violence on garment production lines. Designed to complement existing training, the AFWA Safe Circle Approach involves potential “victims,” “bystanders,” and “perpetrators” in face-to-face, regular, small-group engagement processes designed to address behavioral violence on the production line.

Click here to read in: English | Kannada

Violence Against Women and Men in the World of Work

This report contains the executive summary on our research on gender-based violence in GAP, H&M, and Walmart garment supplier factories in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka between February and May 2018. It also provides recommendations to address workplace violence and harassment.

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Gender-Based Violence in the Walmart Garment Supply Chain | ILO Report 2018

This report is based upon six years of documentation of gender-based violence and decent work violations in Walmart garment supply chains by Asia Floor Wage Alliance (AFWA) partners. It includes the results of interviews and focus group discussions with 250 workers employed in 60 Walmart supplier factories across Bangladesh, Cambodia, and Indonesia.

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Gender-Based Violence in the GAP Garment Supply Chain | ILO Report 2018

This report is based upon 3 years of AFWA documentation of decent work violations and gender-based violence in GAP garment supply chains. It includes the results of interviews and focus group discussions with 238 workers employed in 23 Gap supplier factories across Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka.

Click here to read in: English

Gender Based Violence in the H&M Garment Supply Chain | ILO Report 2018

This report is based upon 3 years of AFWA documentation of decent work violations and gender-based violence in H&M garment supply chains. It includes the results of interviews and focus group discussions with 331 workers
employed in 32 H&M supplier factories across Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, and Sri Lanka.

Click here to read in: English

A Short History at the Brink of Transition | Our Ten-Year History

As Asia Floor Wage Alliance enters a new phase, we feel it is important to document the past. Published in 2017, this is a short history of our decade-old campaign to ensure minimum living wages for garment workers across Asia using a women-centered formulation. Our ten-year history document titled, "A Short History at the Brink of Transition".

Click here to read in: English

Precarious Work in the H&M Global Value Chain | ILO Report 2016

This report shed light on the intensive labour exploitation and abuse faced by workers in H&M supply chains, in particular in Cambodia and India. This report is based upon 251 structured interviews conducted between August and October 2015 with garment workers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia and the Delhi, National Capital Region (NCR), India.

Click here to read in: English

Precarious Work in the GAP Global Value Chain | ILO Report 2016

This report sheds light on the persistent rights violations faced by precarious GAP supply chain workers in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India and Indonesia. It is based on 150 structured interviews conducted between August and October 2015.

Click here to read in: English

Precarious Work in the Walmart Global Value Chain | ILO Report 2016

This report presents new research on violations of international labor standards in Walmart garment supplier factories. Information was collected through interviews and focus group discussions with 344 workers who were working in Walmart supply chains across Bangladesh, Cambodia and India.

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Towards an Asia Floor Wage: A Global South Labour Initiative for Garment Workers in Asia

This publication is the result of a collaborative effort between Asia Floor Wage Alliance and the South Solidarity Initiative and ActionAid India to explore the processes for making the living wage a reality in global supply chains for the garment industry in Asia.

Click here to read in: English

New Findings on Conditions Across Walmart’s Garment Supplier Factories in Cambodia, India and Indonesia

Walmart is not just a retailer; it is also the largest private employer in the world and dominates the global supply chains of nearly every consumer product - including garments. This study documents several heinous cases of abuse in Walmart garment-supplier factories, covering three of the six major countries that supply to Walmart.

Click here to read in: English

Living Wage in Asia | AFWA – Clean Clothes Campaign

Asia Floor Wage Alliance and Clean Clothes Campaign collaborate on this report to look at the low wages being paid across six of the major garment-producing countries in Asia – Cambodia, China, Bangladesh, India, Malaysia and Sri Lanka.

Click here to read in: English

Wage Structures in the Indian Garment Industry

This study on the Indian ready-made garment industry brings to light the prevailing dynamics with regard to wage and working conditions in this sector. On the basis of a field study conducted in the garment clusters of Gurgaon, Bangalore, and Tirupur, this study highlights the wage theft and forced labor practices pursued by businesses in this sector.

Click here to read in: English

General Wage Situation of Apparel Industry Workers in Sri Lanka

The report provides an overview of the Sri Lankan garment industry and the wage situation of Sri Lankan garment industry workers.

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Asia Floor Wage and Global Industrial Collective Bargaining

This essay, published in the International Journal of Labour Research, and co-authored by Anannya Bhattacharjee and Ashim Roy, explains the development of Asia Floor Wage as a cross-border living wage benchmark for garment workers in Asia and its significance for global brand bargaining.

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Route Map to an Asia Floor Wage: 10 Steps Brands and Retailers Can Take Towards Implementing a Minimum Living Wage

Asia Floor Wage Alliance and Clean Clothes Campaign collaborated on this publication to list ten steps global brands can take towards implementing a minimum living wage for garment workers in Asia, who produce their clothing.

Click here to read in: English

Raising Wages on a Regional Level: The Asia Floor Wage

Workers in a global economy must find regional and, ideally, global solutions to improve their wages and working conditions. As there are some examples of industry-wide wage setting, this study examines these to see what lessons they hold for the prospect of the Asia Floor Wage: a campaign to set garment workers’ wages on a regional basis.

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Raising Wages on a Regional Level: The Asia Floor Wage | Working Paper Series No. 1

The global economic crisis opens space for debate about the nature of globalization and the strengths and weaknesses of economic models. Economists and policymakers have been pushing a neoliberal policy agenda for the last several decades, through domestic regulations, international financial institutions, and trade agreements.

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Raising the Floor: The Movement for a Living Wage in Asia

The neoliberal "free trade" model of development has failed to raise the standard of living for most of the world's people. In this report, AFWA argues that only a regional wage standard - one that is based on labor rights and prioritizes the demand for a living wage - can.

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Stitching a Decent Wage Across Borders: The Asia Floor Wage Proposal

The report outlines the key reasons why poverty wages have come to characterize the garment industry in Asia. It explains why in a globalized industry like the garment industry, the existence of poverty wages cannot be understood without understanding the role of the big garment brands and retailers. The report also outlines AFWA's proposal, aimed at replacing the 'race to the bottom' with something that will lift the position of all the workers of the world at the same time.

Click here to read in: English